Gita in a Nutshell #11: The Yoga of Meditation.
As you recall from “Different Yoga Strokes for Different Yoga Folks“, the ancient Yoga sage(s) who wrote the Gita recognized that different people would need different types of Yoga to match their personality types:
Yoga of Understanding / Yoga of Meditation / Yoga of Love / Yoga of Action
Today let’s look at specific passages in the Gita that describe the Yoga of Meditation or Dhyana/Raja Yoga.
(For those new to Gita in a Nutshell, the voice speaking here is the infinitely wondrous universe itself, what some refer to as the “Unfathomable Life Force of the Universe” and others choose to call “God”. In the Gita these are one and the same. See GN #2.)
The man of yoga should practice
mastering mind and body,
free of possessions and desires.
Sitting down, having chosen
a spot that is neither too high
nor too low, that is clean and covered
with a grass mat, a deerskin, and a cloth,
he should concentrate, with his whole
mind, on a single object;
if he practices in this way,
his mind will soon become pure. (BG 6.10-12)
Constantly mastering his mind,
the man of yoga grows peaceful,
attains supreme liberation,
and vanishes into my bliss. (BG 6.15)
With a mind grown clear and peaceful,
freed from selfish desires,
absorbed in the Self alone,
he is called a true man of yoga.
“A lamp sheltered from the wind
which does not flicker”—to this
is compared the true man of yoga
whose mind has vanished in the Self.
When his mind has become serene
by the practice of meditation,
he sees the Self through the self
and rests in the Self, rejoicing.
He knows the infinite joy
that is reached by the understanding
beyond the senses; steadfast,
he does not fall back from the truth.
Attaining this state, he knows
that there is no higher attainment;
he is rooted there, unshaken
even by the deepest sorrow. (BG 6.18-22)
You are right, Arjuna: the mind
is restless and hard to master;
but by constant practice and detachment
it can be mastered in the end. (BG 6.35)
Meditate on the Guide,
the Giver of all, the Primordial
Poet, smaller than an atom,
unthinkable, brilliant as the sun. (BG 8.9)
But to those who meditate on me
undistracted, and worship me
everywhere, always, I will bring
a reward that can never be lost. (BG 9.22)
Concentrate your mind on me,
Fill your heart with my presence,
love me, serve me, worship me,
and you will attain me at last. (BG 9.34)
Those who love and revere me
with unwavering faith, always
centering their minds on me—
they are the most perfect in yoga. (BG 12.2)
Concentrate every thought
on me alone; with a mind
fully absorbed, one-pointed,
you will live within me, forever. (BG 12.8)
Give up all actions to me;
love me above all others;
steadfastly keep your mind
focused on me alone. (BG 18.57)
#10: The Yoga of Understanding.
#12: The Yoga of Love.